Jaroslav Plotnikov

High-demand occupations in Germany – Mangelberufe in IT branch

For IT professionals or even IT students it is getting consequentially easier to stay in Germany. Even if you don’t speak German

Source: Department of Statistics, International Labour Office, Geneva


The original title is: Liste der Mangelberufe. I would translate it into English as “high-demand ocupations list”. However, the Federal Ministry for Migration (BAMF) prefers the other term: “occupations which are regarded as jobs where there is a shortage of applicants”. So when I say “high-demand ocupations”, remember that it’s my translation from the “Mangelberufe”.

German Federal Office for Migration (BAMF) explains: “Section 2 subs. 2 of the German Employment Ordinance stipulates which occupations are regarded as jobs where there is a shortage of applicants**. These are occupations belonging to Groups 21, 221 and 25 of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), and particularly include … mathematicians, engineers, … and skilled academic personnel in the field of information and communication technology” – s. link “BAMF publications” in the end of this article.

In Germany there is only one official language – German. This means that employment law and job titles are all in German. That’s why I thought it was appropriate to list the same professions in German as well. Remember that only the IT professions are listed in this particular article. For the whole high-demand occupations list follow the link to the ISCO-08 (at the end of this article).


Are you curious whether your profession is certainly one of the high-demand occupations? Wanna check it out?

Step 1:

Check out the list below. If you don’t find your profession there, do step 2;

Step 2:

Check out the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08)**. If you still can’t find it, do step 3;

Step 3:

Send me your questions below as a comment (anonymously and without registration).

Could you find your profession on the list below? My congratulationsyou would easily get the German entry permit and the Blue Card EU. Your 1st class ticket to Germany is the gross annual salary of €53.600, which is rather the average for IT professions.

Good news! Occupations in the IT branch count as high-demand occupations (Mangelberufe). With other words, as soon as you’re from the IT industry, you can go Germany with “2nd class ticket”: €41.808 of  gross annual salary.

This is equivalent to €3.484 per month, which is very common in the IT sector on the German labor market. More information about salaries and other conditions can be found on the BAMF page for EU Bluecard FAQs.**

If you compare the annual salaries in 2019 with the 2018, you discover that the minimum salary of €52.000 has increased to €53.600 For the high demand occupations minimum salary increased from  €40.560 to €41,808. Source: Federal Office for Migration – bamf.de**

A fragment from ISCO-08

Source: ec.europa.eu

DEUTSCH – High demand occupations in Germany (the fragment):

25 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte in der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie

251 Entwickler und Analytiker von Software und Anwendungen

2511 Systemanalytiker
2512 Softwareentwickler
2513 Web- und Multimediaentwickler
2514 Anwendungsprogrammierer
2519 Entwickler und Analytiker von Software und Anwendungen, anderweitig nicht genannt

252. Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Datenbanken und Netzwerke

2521 Datenbankentwickler und -administratoren
2523 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Computernetzwerke
2529 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Datenbanken und Netzwerke, anderweitig nicht genannt

ENGLISH – High demand ocuupations in Germany (the fragment):

25 Information and communications technology professionals

251 Software and applications developers and analysts

2511  Systems analysts
2512  Software developers
2513  Web and multimedia developers
2514  Applications programmers
2519  Software and applications developers and analysts not elsewhere classified

252.   Database and network professionals

2521  Database designers and administrators
2522  Systems administrators
2523  Computer network professionals
2529  Database and network professionals not elsewhere classified


*- Italic marking here made by me – Jaroslav Plotnikov

** – BAMF: http://www.bamf.de/EN/Infothek/FragenAntworten/BlaueKarteEU/blaue-karte-eu-node.html;jsessionid=855D69B08BB3122A7CA45483D1262FA3.2_cid286

*** – International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08): http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/1978984/6037342/ISCO-08.pdf  (ENGLISH)  /   http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:292:0031:0047:DE:PDF (DEUTSCH).

© 2018 Jaroslav Plotnikov ( All articles )


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  • 1. Emilija (18-04-2018)

    I’m considering to move to Germany, so it’s good startpoint to check my skills are needed.

    • 2. jaroslav (19-04-2018)

      Welcome to Germany, we need IT professionals here 🙂 They earn $41K+ annually

  • 3. Gaga (27-07-2018)

    Thank you for sharing

  • 4. Ravikumar Trambadia (24-05-2019)

    I am a software tester from india having 8 years of experience in IT software company and having engineering degree from indian anabin recognized university. I recently got job offer from berlin IT software company as ‘QA Engineer’ that is similar to software tester with 45000 yearly salary.
    My question is, am I eligible to apply for a blue card from berlin with QA Engineer position with 45000 salary? Does this occupation come under high demand occupation? Again my field is software IT industry and my degree is university engineering degree.

    • 5. slava (25-05-2019)

      Thanks for asking! I replied you via email. JP

  • 6. Rahul (07-06-2019)

    My question is, am I eligible to apply for a blue card from Berlin with Senior QA Engineer position with 50000 salary. Does this occupation come under high demand occupation & if yes, Then how cam i get the approval from Germany federal agency

    • 7. Jaroslav Plotnikov (07-06-2019)

      Hi Rahul,

      the answer is “yes” to both questions: QA Engineer is in the demand occupations and 50.000 is enough for the getting the blue card.

      Remember that the last word has the Foreigner Authority. In Berlin in called LABO, in other cities – “Ausländerbehörde”.

      How can you get an approval? Do following:

      Step 1: get a signed working contract from your German employer. If you don’t have it, a working offer would be enough.

      Step 2: learn which documents you need ( https://service.berlin.de/dienstleistung/324659/en/ ) and

      Step 3: get an appointment (German: Termin) in LABO ( https://www.berlin.de/labo/willkommen-in-berlin/termine/artikel.598381.en.php )

      Even if the date is far in the future, still book it. You can try to come earlier and wait in the queue, but I recommend booking an appointment in any case.

      Here there is a FAQ around bluecard (this site is from Government so you can trust them): https://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/FAQ/DE/Blaue-Karte/014-mangelberufe.html

      Feel free to ask me more questions, I would do my best to help you to stay in Germany for longer.


  • 8. Chari (24-07-2019)


    Greetings!. First of all, thank you so much for clarifying our doubts. My question is.

    Are ALL jobs under the IT field comes under DEMAND OCCUPATION. For eg, there are web developer, software developer, DBA, system administrator, are ALL jobs comes under officially
    under demand occupation.

    I have masters in Chemical engineering BUT I work as a web developer for the past three years. My age is 44,

    is it POSSIBLE for me to migrate to Germany and works for 10 years as a web developer.?

    Thanks again.


    • 9. Jaroslav Plotnikov (25-07-2019)

      Hi Chari, thanks for asking! First of all why do you care about all IT-professions? If zou are developer, zou are in. My congrats! And my answer to your question is YES. Don’t worry about your “chemical” degree and age. What really counts are your skills and the ability to work in a “German way” – as German expect to. To make vore accurate assessment, it would be good to see your CV.

  • 10. Nambi (29-07-2019)

    Hi Jaroslav Plotnikov,

    I need your help and Thanks much for taking time and effort to answer my question.

    Do you advise to become software Developer, Data Base Administrator,(DBA), web developer, Architect, Cloud computing-related jobs, Network related jobs?. There are lot of IT jobs and i am unable to choose one. I have ZERO knowledge about the IT field. so

    • What do you advise or suggest me to focus? Which IT job can i focus on and become one?

    I came to understand from my homework, that DataBase Administrator, DBA can be easily obtained by doing the SQL and other certification. I mean which doesn’t take a lot of time, unlike developer.

    • is DBA a “demand job” in Germany?
    • What are all the other IT jobs / JOB TITLE (under IT branch) is demand in Germany.?
    • I want to choose a job title THAT IS demand in Germany and earlier to obtain.

    Sorry for the long message.
    Best wishes,

    • 11. Jaroslav Plotnikov (31-07-2019)

      Hi Nambi, thanks alot for the reaching out. I replied via personal email. Here is one hint which can be usefull for others as well. If you want to roughly estimate how much demand for the particular profession in all German territory or just in a certain region, use the search engine of Arbeitsagentur (Federal Employment Office). Read this article: https://jaroslavplotnikov.com/arbeitsagentur/

  • 12. Xavier (22-08-2019)

    Hi there,
    My question is : Im an accountant having 9 yrs experience working in dubai… How easy / hard is it to get a job in the same profile in germany…Awaiting your reply

    • 13. slava (23-08-2019)

      To my opinion you have to be familiar with two things:
      #1 – Know German accounting regulations
      #2 – Have German level B2 or higher

      The number 2 is optional, because you can target foreigners searching an accountant with english skills.
      But #1 is an obvious must, isn’t it?

      Regards Jaroslav